I did them all in … Athens' power was based upon its command of the sea, and though it was officially only head of a naval alliance (the Delian League), in practice this amounted to an empire in all but name. Those features could be natural surroundings (mountains, rivers, roads), nearby areas of productive capacity, the size of its hinterland (an inland area found behind a port and claimed by the power that owns the coast), the location of competing cities, and transportation routes. That there is no jealously because everyone gets to enjoy freedom. miles). Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. Athens was also close to water, the Saronic Gulf. (These links will automatically appear in your email.). How do you Find Free eBooks On-line to Download? But, being released from your debt with each new king is a benefit of living in Sparta, one that can’t be said for other places. Ancient Athens had several weaknesses that eventually led to its downfall when the Macedonians conquered it in the 330s B.C.E. The Athenians lived by the sea which was an advantage to their survival because they had a good trading system. Through the course of its long, fascinating history, it reached its zenith in the 5th century B.C. In Ancient Greece, there were many city-states. Our goal is to develop and operate on a blockchain-based Information Systems artifact capable of fostering a transparent funding channel and a highly competitive market of tangible products and services. Why did Athens seem to have the geographical advantage? With Athens, America is already a free country. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Favorite Quote:"I got this real moron thing I do, it's called THINKING!!! was established a completely new system of government which allowed public participation of certain number of people. Council of Elders. Athens is on the coast and has easy access to harbors. All Rights Reserved. Image Source: Wikimedia Commons. During the time of the Ancient Greeks it was the center of power, art, science, and philosophy in the world. What are the qualifications of a parliamentary candidate? and the Corinthian War (396 to 387 B.C.E. A small group of Spartans who made all of the important governing decisions. Athens and its port city of Piraeus is a major hub for the export of Greek goods, as well as the import of foreign items. Compare the geographical strengths and weaknesses of Athens and Sparta. Sparta’s geographical location also had many advantages and disadvantages. It is also a part of a peninsula so there were several port cities surrounding them. How do you put grass into a personification? Athens is surrounded by mountains: Aigaleo to the west, Parnes to the north, Pentelikon to the northeast, and Hymettus to the east. Among the many advantages are: guaranteed sunshine and high temperatures (year round in some areas); one of the least polluted regions in … In Athens a group of 500 citizens chosen to form a council responsible for running the day to day business of the government. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Sparta is further inland and is surrounded by mountains. Why did Athens seem to have the geographical advantage. One of the biggest benefits living in Athens is that it would be a peaceful place to live in. Every time we elect a new president our debt doesn’t go away, so this Spartan benefit is an original one that would be very beneficial. Both Athens and Sparta have benefits to living in them, which is why they were two of the most well known city-states in Ancient Greece. Spartans Geography. 2. The Athens lived by the Sea which was an advantage because they had an excellent trading system. Sparta had the geographic advantage of not being subject to naval raids or naval blockades. Thank you! While these two places were very different, there were many benefits to living in either city states. Sparta fought both foreign and neighboring adversaries. With this you don’t feel mad at our friends and family when they do what they want. Most are of limestone or marble, from which the ancient buildings of the city were constructed. The major trading partners are from Italy, Germany, France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States. There, far from exercising a jealous surveillance over each other, we do not feel called upon to be angry with our neighbor for doing what he likes, or even to indulge in those injurious looks which cannot fail to be offensive, although they inflict no positive penalty.” Pericles is saying that Athens is a free city-state, and in this one can do what one wants. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. The section provides all the information you need to understand the geography of Greece.. Greece is a peninsular and mountainous country located in Southern-Eastern Europe, in the Balkans peninsula, and has a land area of 128,900 km2 (49,769 sq. So, to have one’s personal debt taken away with each new president would be good fortune for them. This meant that when under attack it could defend its city with Athens geographical location had many advantages and some disadvantages. Architectural wonders and historic crumbling remains of once towering structures dot the landscape. minimum resources, leaving it free to send out sea expeditionary Their minds were on training and discipline. If you have a suggestion about this website or are experiencing a problem with it, or if you need to report abuse on the site, please let us know. However, there was very little farmland because there was so much water around the land. ). One would want to live in such an environment because it would provide focus on more important things than being angry at someone for what the others get. Beachwood had a lot of land instead of a lot water, but the Athens had a lot of water instead of a lot of land. Even though the mountains protected them it also caused trading problems,the Spartans had no way to get around the massive mountains to trade with people. Start studying Sparta and Athens Advantages and Disadvantages. Central Greece . But, with both Athens and Sparta they did have benefits to them that made living there better for everyone. This ATHENS is the historic capital of Europe as it has been inhabited since the Neolithic Era.. Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). So, it may not seem like there are many benefits to living in this city-state. It was located by the sea and connected to its port by walls. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. "-George Carlin <3, Which of your works would you like to tell your friends about? Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? We try to make TeenInk.com the best site it can be, and we take your feedback very seriously. Greece Geography facts. Athens, Greece is a beloved tourist hot spot — and for good reason. Although rare, it allows for a little forgiveness. Athens is a small town, with plenty of public transport in means of buses and hop-on-hop-off guides. You can hit all the main sites in a day if you genuinely want to just by walking around the city. Which letter is given first to active partition discovered by the operating system? Two of the most well-known are Athens and Sparta. For much of its history, Athens was either preparing for war, at war, or recovering from war. RE: Athens and Sparta, geographical strengths and weaknesses? One of its weaknesses was the democratic system itself. How long will the footprints on the moon last? Also, if you have a comment about a particular piece of work on this website, please go to the page where that work is displayed and post a comment on it. Not long after, however, the two cities began fighting each other in the two Peloponnesian Wars (460 to 446 B.C.E. The most prominent city-state during that time was Athens. If no one is angry or jealous at others then there are no problems in the city-states. Peloponnesus. The country has the largest coastline in Europe (13,676km) due to its numerous islands. There is no need to be jealous at others for getting what they want because you also get to indulge in freedom during your everyday life also. In Pericles’ speech to Athens, he said, “The freedom which we enjoy in our government extends also to our ordinary life. While these two places were very different, there were many benefits to living in either city states. How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? Athens has some good advantages that you won't find in Sparta. Cithaeron. There are both advantages and disadvantages to buying a home in Greece, although for most people the benefits far outweigh any drawbacks. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. Both Athens and Sparta are beneficial, but to a modern day American, the debt forgiveness of Sparta would be a better one to have. These mountains formed natural barriers against invaders as they would have to first climb the mountain before they could attack. In ancient Greece around the 500 B.C.E. The trip requires some planning and research. Two of the most well-known are Athens and Sparta. Neighboring European Union countries account for 60% of Greece's exports. Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt arid basin divided north-south by a line of hills. When did organ music become associated with baseball? The sparse soil of Attica forced Athens to. To begin, Athens was more based on education, and very focused on Government. How did Rizal overcome frustration in his romance? Geographic advantage is not just one overall advantage. Ancient Greece: Benefits of Athens and Sparta, Register your interest to Subscribe to Teen Ink magazine. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… Modern day Beachwood is known for not having mountains, but Athens is known for having a few mountains. Athens is the capital and largest city in Greece, With a population of about 3,5 million people and long history, Athens stretches on a large peninsula that is protected by mountains from all sides of the horizon: Mt Egaleo to the west, Mt Parnes to the north, Mt Pentelikon to the northeast and Mt Hymettus to the east. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world as well, with recorded history going back over 3400 years. Athens had many natural harbors, meaning trade by water was very easy, but having many harbors also meant that enemies had easy access in time of war. As stated in Herodotus: On the Kings of Sparta, c. 430 BCE, “ When the king is dead and another is appointed the king, this king who is newly coming in sets free any man of the Spartans who was debtor to the king or to the state;” This quote is saying that if you owed money to the King, but he died before you repaid him, you would be free of your debt. Athens is one of the great cities of the world. The sea additionally provided seafood. If your impeached can you run for president again? A peninsula forming the southern part of the main land of Greece. We are aiming at creating a solution of high socioeconomical impact on a global level. Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. First they are a democratic society where the people can propose laws, debate openly on political issues and are allowed to criticize elected officials. So, a benefit of living in Athens is that you would be able to live in a jealous free environment and a peaceful one too. It is the birth place of democracy and the heart of the Ancient Greek civilization. Sparta was many kilometers from the coast and self-sufficient as to necessities. It is bounded on the north by the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM–the name internationally approved in 1993 for that entity after its 1991 declaration of independence) and Bulgaria; on the northwest by Albania; on the east by Turkey and the Aegean Sea; and on the south and west by the Sea of Crete, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Ionian Sea. The Mediterranean Sea played the biggest role, it was the largest sea, and the one that provided Greece with the most advantages. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Please note that while we value your input, we cannot respond to every message. According to the article, the kings to of Sparta hold tremendous power. So having freedom in everyday lives wouldn’t seem as beneficial. Athens Maps Detailed Maps and Geography of Athens Greece. Here are some pros and cons to get you started. Athens is surrounded by mountains: Aigaleo to the west, Parnes to the north, Pentelikon to the northeast, and Hymettus to the east. This was a great advantage towards the resource of food. II. The Acropolis hill is a block of Late Cretaceous limestone resting on the marls and sandstones of the Athens Schist rock series (figures 3.3, 3.4), which can be seen on the approach to the main entrance to the site, and just beneath the Propylea (References 9, 10, … In Ancient Greece, there were many city-states. Please enter the email address that you use to login to TeenInk.com, and we'll email you instructions to reset your password. This is about the two city-states in Ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, and the benefits of living in them. Athens Vs. Sparta. Athens had a geographic advantage because they were very superior. In America, many people owe money to the government, which is the economy is so low currently. Sparta was also far more agrarian-while the Athens had limited room for agriculture and relied on trade, the Spartans instead used slave farmers and miners as their source of wealth. What is the best way to fold a fitted sheet? Likewise, invasions of Sparta by the Athenians did poorly not only because of the more professional Spartan Army, but because of the sheer distance. It was located by the sea and connected to its port by walls. EOS Athens is the first greek Block Producer candidate of the EOS Mainnet. So, one could assume that Athens would be a pretty peaceful place for one to live in. Situation – Where a city is, in relation to its surrounding features. What influence does Sikhism have on drinking? uninterrupted access to the sea also allowed it to trade, import However, in 480 B.C.E., Sparta allied with Athens, to prevent the Persian king Xerxes from invading Greece. Now, in Sparta, they focused less on education and government. I had a longggg list of sites that I wanted to see. and 431 to 404 B.C.E.) The Athenians were considered to introduce the term democracy which comes from the Greek words demos – the people and kratos… The geographical features in Athens is the same as modern day Beachwood because they both are surrounded or on water. This is a benefit because then a person wouldn’t just owe forever if he couldn’t afford to pay. food and fish. forces to harass the cities of its land attackers. Central Greece has more mountains than northern Greece. This can be assumed because Pericles says that they don’t get mad at their neighbor. The peninsula of Attica is located in the southern side of Greece and it is surrounded by the … The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war. Even though the mountains protected Sparta it also caused trading problems, the Spartans had no way to get around the massive mountains to trade with people. This meant that when under attack it could defend its city with minimum resources, leaving it free to send out sea expeditionary forces to … It contains the countries of Aetolia (famed for the Calydonian boar hunt), Locris (divided into 2 sections by Doris and Phocis), Acarnania (west of Aetolia, bordered by the Achelous River, and north of the Gulf of Calydon), Doris, Phocis, Boeotia, Attica, and Megaris.Boeotia and Attica are separated by Mt. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. Athens (/ ˈ æ θ ɪ n z / ATH-inz; Greek: Αθήνα, romanized: Athína (); Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, romanized: Athênai (pl.)