Chemicals in plastic which give them their rigidity or flexibility (flame retardants, bisphenols, phthalates and other harmful chemicals) are oily poisons that repel water and stick to petroleum-based objects like plastic debris. The EPA has also concluded that the levels of dioxin currently found in most adults and children are already high enough to present significant health threats to the American public. While most plastics do not get recycled, PVC is the worst offender -- it's the least recyclable of all plastics. Usually clear in color, the vast majority of … For instance, one study of PVC shower curtains found that they released phthalates capable of causing nausea and damage to the liver and reproductive system. In Denmark, government officials are currently considering the phase out of PVC by the year 2000. Over the past few decades, Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) plastic, commonly known as "vinyl," has become one of the most widely-used types of plastics. This is because PVC items contain so many additives that recycling would be impractical and expensive. Use Eco-friendly and PVC-free Yoga Mats to Avoid P... Thrift Store Find: "Like New" Birthday Gifts for Kids, Easy Eco-tip Tuesday: Unjunk Your Mail Box, Everything Eco-novice Knows About Cloth Diapers. These have been found to cause hormonal changes and … Most common plastics pose serious threats to human health and the environment. Because these additives are not chemically bound to the PVC, the PVC product itself can be immediately dangerous to the consumer. In its ongoing study of dioxin, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) suggests that there is no safe level of dioxin exposure. Is it too good to be true? By cutting PVC use, you are striking a blow for environmental justice, and supporting the life and death struggle being waged today by local residents on the front lines of the grassroots toxics movement. According to CHEJ, "Scientists have found certain vinyl chemicals linked to asthma, cancer, birth defects, learning and developmental disabilities, obesity, diabetes and other preventable chronic diseases on the rise.". No one can escape contamination; every one of us has measurable amounts of chlorinated toxins in our bodies. What about phthalates free PVC? Communities surrounding PVC plants are particularly susceptible to the toxic chemical pollution from PVC production. For a list of USA-based suppliers, manufacturers, and importers of alternatives and PVC-free building materials, please see our online resource guide to PVC alternatives. Copyright © var creditsyear = new Date();document.write(creditsyear.getFullYear()); Nearby communities, farms, and fishing areas suffer the consequences. Here are … PVC. The result: severe health problems, including cancer, immune system damage, and hormone disruption. They are found in vinyl flooring and harder PVC toys. These additives include toxic plasticizers (such as phthalates), stabilizers containing dangerous heavy metals (such as lead), fungicides, and other toxic substances. PVC (#3 plastics) have another nasty lurking, a toxic group of chemicals called Organotin compounds. There is compelling evidence that it is now possible -- and crucial -- to implement a rapid transition to safer materials. Due to the chemical structure of organochlorines, humans and animals are unable to efficiently expel them from their bodies. Chlorine is the basic building block of our most infamous toxic problems: CFCs which destroyed the ozone layer, the dioxin contamination at Love Canal and Times Beach, Agent Orange, PCBs and DDT pesticides. In those cases where traditional materials cannot be used as a replacement, even chlorine-free plastics are preferable to PVC. Healthy Child Healthy World describes PVC as the most toxic plastic , and vinyl chloride, the chemical used to make PVC, has been described as a known carcinogen by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer. In its production, it releases dioxins, phthalates, vinyl chloride, ethylene dichloride, lead, cadmium and other toxic chemicals. According to the latest EPA figures, less than 0.5 percent of total post-consumer PVC was recovered for reprocessing in 1994. It, too, can impart a plastic taste to water that goes away with time, but since it isn’t glued together, there are fewer toxic solvents used in installing it. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl) is the most toxic plastic for our health and the environment. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Polyvinyl chloride is a hard plastic that is known for its long-term stability, … Scientific studies reveal that these chemicals are linked to severe and wide-spread health problems, including infertility, immune system damage, impaired childhood development, hormone disruption, cancer and many other harmful effects. HealthyStuff.org tested 21 different garden hoses and found phthalates (endocrine-disruptors), antimony and bromine (markers of flame retardants used in plastics) and lead. I have chairs with vinyl siding with and am concerned about health risks given I have two young children. Wagner adds that “3” and “7” also indicate PVC and PUR plastics, respectively, which his study found contained the most toxicity. Have something to say? Dioxins are persistent and bioaccumulative. Many of these chemicals, called organochlorines, are resistant to breakdown and will remain in the environment for decades to come. 3. Polyvinyl chloride produces a great deal of vapor whic… Is there such a thing as phthalate-free PVC? The choice of additives used for the PVC finished product is con… In addition to that, most stores package foods in plastic bags. Sign up for my, Disclosure: This post may contain affiliate links. Please leave a comment!I read all comments and try to respond to questions in a timely manner.Comments are now moderated due to spam overload and have to be approved (by me) - so don't worry if your comment does not appear immediately after you publish it. (Please Comment!). Since safer alternatives are available for virtually all uses of PVC, it is possible to protect human health and the environment by replacing and eventually phasing out this poison plastic. Management of the nearby Dow Chemical factory followed suit soon after, buying out the entire town of Morrisonville, Louisiana. Dioxin is known as one of the most toxic chemicals ever produced. Additives can wash out, pass into other materials or be lost to air. The PVC will create a large number of toxic chemicals like dioxins and phthalates that are released into the air and can produce toxic fumes into the environment. Dioxins are also released due to the numerous accidental fires that burn buildings and vehicles, two sectors that use substantial amounts of PVC. PVC is the most environmentally damaging plastic. On a practical level, heating PVC pipe can cause distortion. The PVC lifecycle -- its production, use, and disposal -- results in the release of toxic, chlorine-based chemicals. Write to: The Honorable ___________________United States House of RepresentativesWashington, DC 20515, The Honorable ___________________United States SenateWashington, DC 20510Carol Browner, EPA AdministratorU.S. For more than 30 years, leading health, environmental justice, and health-impacted organizations across the country and world have been campaigning to phase out this poison plastic. Discharged pollutants impact nearby drinking water supplies and on-site incinerators spread dioxin and other hazardous compounds into the air. In fact, this commonplace plastic is one of the biggest contributors to the flood of toxic substances saturating our planet and its inhabitants. Article continues below advertisement Why is PVC harmful? Because PVC on its own is almost useless, it must be combined with a number of additives in order to give it the properties desired in the final product. The burning of PVC is responsible for 80 % of dioxin air pollution. Is there a danger with outdoor furniture? Yes, it is true that PVC has some toxic characteristics. Increasing scientific evidence suggests that many of these chemicals are disrupting the hormone systems of wildlife, leading to birth defects, infertility, reproductive difficulties and developmental problems in offspring. Polyethylene terephthalate, also known as PETE or PET. These corrosive gases can spread faster than flames, trapping building occupants before they have a chance to escape. The PVC lifecycle -- its production, use, and disposal -- results in the release of toxic, chlorine-based chemicals. When Is “Vinyl” Not PVC? Some of these chemicals are defined as priority pollutants, which are regulated by governmental agencies because of their toxicity or persistence in organisms and food webs. We talked to the PVC Guru to get all the answers every parent should know. Dubbed the most toxic plastic, vinyl – or polyvinyl chloride – is used today in a superfluity of items surrounding us. In production, carcinogens and endocrine disruptors are released into the … Use Eco-friendly and PVC-free Yoga Mats to Avoid Phthalates and Other Toxic Chemicals, Plastic-free and BPA-free Feeding Gear for Babies and Kids, The Best Potties for Early Potty Training, Gluten-free German Pancakes (just as good as the wheat version! Although PVC is flame resistant, PVC products release toxic hydrogen chloride gas when heated. The rapid growth of the vinyl industry is proceeding in the face of clear evidence of the serious health risks posed to workers, their families and neighboring communities. PVC production is the largest and fastest-growing use of chlorine -- accounting for nearly 40 percent of all chlorine used in the United States. Dioxin has been classified as a known human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (part of WHO) and the U.S. National Toxicology Program. Whatever the advantages of PVC may have been, today, it is indisputable that PVC is a known toxin to both humans and animals alike. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission issued a warning in 1996 when it discovered that PVC miniblinds were giving off lead dust, which can have brain-damaging effects on children. Big construction projects such as the Eurotunnel between England and continental Europe were completed without the use of PVC. This causes some concerns not only for the usefulness of the pipe but also because the pipe's materials might leech into tanks or water lines when the PVC pipe is exposed to temperatures near its melting point. Because so much PVC is used in construction and household items, accidental building fires have become increasingly more dangerous for firefighters and building occupants. PVC—polyvinyl chloride, or vinyl—is found in a range of products, from children's toys to building materials to food packaging. The lead in the PVC migrates to the surface where it is readily picked up by your hand and then transferred to the mouth. Spread the message. Government policies sanction and encourage this practice. We are exposed to the gas that PVC yoga mats emit. PVC is a known carcinogen and should generally be avoided where possible. Numerous companies and governments have enacted PVC restrictions and material substitution policies. Is PVC and Phthalate in toys toxic and dangerous for baby and child. First the primer is applied and then the cement to join the pipes. These toxic additives can leach out or evaporate into the air over time, posing unnecessary dangers to children. In 1987, the town of Reveilletown, Louisiana became so contaminated that all 106 residents were relocated and every structure torn down, even the church. The good news is that this industrial transition can be accomplished in a manner that is fair to all involved -- the plastic manufacturers, industrial workers, and host communities. Polyvinyl Chloride Economical, versatile polyvinyl chloride (PVC, or vinyl) is used in a variety of applications in the building and construction, health care, electronics, automobile and other sectors, in products ranging from piping and siding, blood bags and tubing, to wire and cable insulation, windshield system components and more. PVC can be replaced with safer materials in virtually all cases. The product of the polymerization process is unmodified PVC. 2. I've seen that term on Melissa & Doug product sites. PVC is the most environmentally damaging plastic. We find it all around us: in packaging, home furnishings, children's toys, automobile parts, building materials, hospital supplies, and hundreds of other products. But the price we pay for a low-cost and seemingly harmless piece of PVC pipe or soft vinyl toy is far steeper than it may at first appear. There is a growing awareness of PVC's toxic nature, but the quest to avoid it is daunting. Contact companies if you're not sure what a product is made of. Pure PVC plastic is 57% chlorine, a toxic substance whose production generates substantial pollution (see below). ), How to Turn Your Bread Loaf Recipe into a Roll Recipe: 100% Whole Wheat Honey Rolls, Toxic Teflon: 10 Ways to Minimize Your Family's Exposure, Question: How Do You Compost? The burning of PVC produces dioxin, which is one of the most toxic substances known. These chemicals are used as a stabilizer in PVC. Many vinyl facilities are located in poor communities with little political clout. Children teethe on vinyl toys which contain toxic additives. These include dioxins, phthalates, vinyl chloride, ethylene dichloride, lead, cadmium, and organotins. PVC contains dangerous chemical additives including phthalates, lead, cadmium, and/or organotins, which can be toxic to your child's health. One reason why PVC is so toxic is that it is often mixed with softening chemicals called plasticizers, the most well known variety being phalates. This is because melted PVC can give off a corrosive toxic gas. Although the glue dries quickly and forms a strong bond, it can be hazardous to your health if it comes in contact with skin or is inhaled. Vinyl (#3 recycling code) is commonly used as a nickname for polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Most human exposure is through food, mainly meat, dairy products, fish and shellfish (dioxins concentrate in the fatty tissue of animals). A buildup of VOCs in the household (sometimes called sick building syndrome) can result in … The smell of new car interiors is a familiar example of what experts call chemical "fogging" from PVC products. PVC cement (glue) and primer is used to soften pipes and weld pieces of plumbing together. While all plastics pose serious threats to human health and the environment, few consumers realize that PVC is the single most environmentally damaging of all plastics. Large companies such as Proctor and Gamble, Mattel, and the Body Shop have phased out PVC packaging. My guess is, unless your child is sucking on the furniture, the immediate harm to individuals is small. Also, dioxins are byproducts of PVC yoga mats’ manufacturing and disposal. Merely handling a binder made with PVC stabilized by lead can result in lead exposure. When reaching these locations the PVC is usually either just burned or put in landfills. Since the 1990s, PVC-waste is increasingly being shipped to China, India, or Africa for “reprocessing”. Hundreds of chlorine-based toxins are building up in the air, water and food chain. Thank you for your support. But one plastic stands alone: PVC, throughout its lifecycle, is the most environmentally damaging of all plastics. There is increasing evidence that the same trends are being observed in humans world-wide, including decreased sperm counts, rising rates of certain cancers, deformities of the reproductive organs, mental problems such as attention deficit disorder, and weakened immune systems. Polyvinyl chloride, or PVC, is widely known as the most toxic plastic for health and the environment. The numbers are pathetic. Large amounts of dioxin are produced during the various stages of PVC production, and the abundance of PVC items in medical waste and garbage is one reason incinerators are considered the largest sources of dioxins. Yes, off-gassing is not a big issue if furniture is outside. No one can escape contamination: Everyone, everywhere has measurable levels of chlorinated toxins in their bodies. Proposals for transition planning have already been developed by labor and environmental organizations. Read my full disclosure policy, Household Cleaners and Personal Products I Use, the most toxic plastic for children’s health and the environment, PVC, Bad News Come in Threes, the Poison Plastic, Health Hazards & the Looming Waste Crisis, Smart Plastics Guide: Healthier Food Uses of Plastics for Parents and Children, Choosing Arts & Crafts Materials that Are Safe for Kids. Ask them to support a PVC phase-out. (PVC is sometimes identified with the following symbol.). Environmental Protection Agency401 M Street S.W.Washington, DC 20460, Avoid buying vinyl/PVC products whenever possible, and reduce your overall use of plastics. And yet, PVC is found in almost so many of the things we use every day, including pipes, window frames, toys, bottles, blister packs, shoes, credit cards, drawer slides, and more. These toxins are building up in the water, air and food chain. The answer is that PVC is toxic to humans throughout its life cycle. In order to successfully stay away from such a pervasive plastic, you need to know when “vinyl” is not PVC. I personally would probably get rid of them, but it depends on how easily you can replace them. PEX tubing, PVC pipe, and CPVC pipe marked “NSF-61” or “NSF-PW” indicate that they have passed testing for potentially harmful chemicals leaching into the water. As part of the games' environmental design, the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney are being planned with an effort to minimize the use of chlorinated compounds, including PVC. Write to your Congressional Representatives and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Even at low concentrations, PBTs can be insidious in the environment due to their ability to biomagnify up the food web, leading to toxic effects at higher trophic levels even though ambient conce… Plastic attracts other pollutants. And some organochlorines can impact on human life before birth, during the most delicate stages of development -- a disastrous toxic legacy for future generations. Plasticizers have been shown to be directly transferred from PVC plastic "cling film" to food. You can get the jest of it, the toxic plastic transfer to food is unavoidable. PVC is restricted from some city high-rises and military and aerospace projects. Instead, many of these compounds accumulate in fatty tissue, resulting in contamination levels thousands or millions of times greater than is found in the surrounding environment. These plants release huge amounts of toxic chemicals into the environment around them. PVC plastic is the only plastic made with chlorine. Some communities, however, are hit far harder than others. Demand PVC-free alternatives. 1. Dioxins are a group of toxic chemicals that share a similar chemical structure and induce harm through a similar mechanism. As builders and policymakers become increasingly aware of the safety risks and potential expenses resulting from PVC fires, more restrictions are being enacted against the use of PVC in building construction. Of the 14 U.S. plants that make VCM (vinyl chloride monomer, the building block used to make PVC) all but one are located in Louisiana and Texas. The Center for Health, Environment and Justice, a non-profit organization based in New York, calls polyvinyl chloride “one of the most hazardous consumer products ever created” [source: CHEJ]. When burned, PVC plastic forms dioxins, a highly toxic group of chemicals that build up in the food chain, can cause cancer and harm the immune and reproductive systems. This is a classic case of environmental racism. Polyvinyl Chloride can be injection molded just like other plastics but the inclusion of chlorine in the material complicates the process. Active PVC pipes should never be heate… Thousands of accidental fires in buildings containing PVC result in releases of dioxin in ash and soot, contaminating both the environment and the affected building. Any hand contact with the chair could potentially leave undesirable substances on the hands though. Before PVC can be made into finished products, it always requires conversion into a compound by the incorporation of additives (but not necessarily all of the following) such as heat stabilizers, UV stabilizers, plasticizers, processing aids, impact modifiers, thermal modifiers, fillers, flame retardants, biocides, blowing agents and smoke suppressors, and, optionally, pigments. PVC has also been blamed for emitting chemical softeners called phthalates (in vinyl flooring), lead additives (in blinds), and toxic glues. Your purchase via these links helps support my blog. 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