Small majority favours keeping existing panchayat system. Records mention the Gopalas and Mahishapalas believed to have been the earliest rulers with their capital at Matatirtha, the south-west corner of the Kathmandu Valley. The first democratic elections were held in 1959, and B. P. Koirala was elected prime minister. existed for 104 years in Nepal. Promulgation of a new Constitution 2072 by President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 17:45. After decades of rivalry between the medieval kingdoms, modern Nepal was unified in the latter half of the 18th century, when Prithvi Narayan Shah, the ruler of the small principality of Gorkha, formed a unified country from a number of independent hill high states. "Nepal Will Amend Constitution to End Border Blockade", https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Indian-blockade-more-inhuman-than-war-says-Nepal-PM-KP-Sharma-Oli/articleshow/49690974.cms, https://www.deccanherald.com/content/505354/india-denies-imposing-economic-blockade.html, Nepal: An Historical Study of a Hindu Kingdom, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Nepal&oldid=996563679, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from June 2018, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from June 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Some inhabitants of northern Nepal came from. 2. Constitutional history of Nepal. The Interim Constitution of Nepal- 2007 ( Nepal antarim shasan Bidhan- 2007) By: King Tribhuwan . This government drafted a constitution called the 'Interim Government Act' which was the first constitution of Nepal. The Treaty of Sugauli was signed in 1816, ceding large parts of the Nepalese controlled territories to the British. According to the Gopal genealogy, the Lichhavis established their rule in Nepal by defeating the last Kirati King 'Khigu', 'Galiz' according to the language-genealogy and 'Gasti' according to Wright genealogy. These events led to a major humanitarian crisis which affected the reconstruction after the earthquake. The decade between 2007 B.S. During, the constitutional development of Nepal, the government of Nepal Act 2004 B.S is the first and historical document of Nepal which was declared by the Shree III Padma Shamsher JBR. The lack of public consciousness was the main reason that there were no revolts against the Rana regime. [13] Also, the presence of historical sites such as the Valmiki ashram, indicates the presence of Sanatana (ancient) Hindu culture in parts of Nepal at that period. [5] The earliest inhabitants of modern Nepal and adjoining areas are believed to be people from the Indus Valley Civilisation. This policy helped Nepal maintain its independence during the British colonial era, but it also impeded the country's economic development and modernisation. According to Pashupati Purana, as a place protected by Ne, the country in the heart of the Himalayas came to be known as Nepal. Rebels pull out of peace talks with government and end seven-month truce. 5. [39] The then prime minister of Nepal, KP Sharma Oli, publicly accused India for the blockade calling the act more inhumane than war. Revolution of 2007 B.S. King Birendra eventually bows to pressure and agrees to new democratic constitution. Former Maoist rebels join interim government, a move that takes them into the political mainstream. Radical leftist group, the Nepal Communist Party (Maoist), begins insurrection in rural areas aimed at abolishing monarch and establishing people's republic, sparking a conflict that would drag on for over a decade. It is mentioned in some genealogies and Puranas that the "Suryavansi Kshetriyas had established a new regime by defeating the Kirats". to 2017 B.S. Maoist rebels call a three-month ceasefire. This category collects political movements in Nepal. Koirala's government defeated in no-confidence motion. Many of these Nepalese in exile had actively taken part in the Indian Independence struggle and wanted to liberate Nepal as well from the autocratic Rana occupation. [28] In December 1923, Britain and Nepal formally signed a "treaty of perpetual peace and friendship" superseding the Sugauli Treaty of 1816 and upgrading the British resident in Kathmandu to an envoy. [37] They pointed out that their concerns had not been addressed and there were few explicit protections for their ethnic groups in the document. As a result, many witnesses to this repression became radicalized. Michaels, Axel, et al. The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal covers approximately 147,000 square kilometres of the southern slopes of the Himalaya Mountains. It helped the movement of Nepal when King Tribhuwan left the palace and went to India to support the movement. It was followed by the Interim Government Act 2007 after the introduction of democracy. Raghava Deva is said to have founded a ruling dynasty in 879 CE, when the Lichhavi rule came to an end. After the peak, the market plunged more than 40% and closed at 1,102.64 Tuesday (March 05, 2019). Wap Nepal is a leading website of Nepal providing latest updates, information and results since 2008. All were styled (self proclaimed) Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski. The king, Harisingh Dev, fled northwards where his son, Jagatsingh Dev, was married to the widow princess of Bhaktapur, Nayak Devi.[23]. According to Hindu mythology, Nepal derives its name from an ancient Hindu sage called Ne, referred to variously as Ne Muni or Nemi. Yaksha Malla, the grandson of Jayasthiti Malla, ruled the Kathmandu valley until almost the end of the 15th century. [43], Africa's History & Migrations 200,000bc-3,000bc Lichhavis • Lichhavi Dynasty ruled Nepal from 300 to 600 A.D. Constitutional referendum follows agitation for reform. Ed. 1. Parliament votes unanimously to curtail the king's political powers. Gunakama Deva, who ruled from 949 to 994 CE, commissioned the construction of a big wooden shelter, built from the wood of a single tree, called Kasthamandapa. Taking that opportunity Nanya Deva, a Karnat dynasty king, attacked Nuwakot from Simraungarh. The politics of Nepal functions within the framework of a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. The Nepali Congress with the support of the United Left Front decided to launch a decisive agitational movement, the Jana Andolan, which forced the monarchy to accept constitutional reforms and to establish a multiparty parliament. To commemorate this important event, Raghava Deva started the 'Nepal Era' which began on 20 October, 879 CE. Between 1788 and 1791, during the Sino-Nepalese War, Nepal invaded Tibet and robbed Tashilhunpo Monastery in Shigatse. Jung Bahadur codified laws and modernized the state's bureaucracy.In the coup d'état of 1846, the nephews of Jung Bahadur and Ranodip Singh murdered Ranodip Singh and the sons of Jung Bahadur, adopted the name of Jung Bahadur and took control of Nepal. (present-day Nepal), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_Nepalese_history&oldid=1000119222, Articles to be expanded from February 2012, Articles with empty sections from February 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The stone Inscription was kept in Chagunarayan by the King Mahandev(Who was the 39th King of the Lichhavi dynasty on the basis of the Stone incription kept in Pashupati by Jaydev, "Transitional" kingdom in power in Kathmandu Valley (to 1200), Malla kings rule in western Nepal (to 1484), Newar king Ripu Malla leads raid in Kathmandu Valley, Jayasthitimalla rules as king of united Malla kingdom in Kathmandu Valley (to 1395), Yakshamalla reigns – height of united Malla kingdom (to 1482), Malla kingdom divided; three kingdoms of Kathmandu, Bhadgaon, and Patan expand, Ram Shah of Gorkha reigns; Gorkha kingdom experiences first expansion (to 1633). This era in the valley is eminent for the various social and economic reforms such as the 'Sanskritization' of the valley people, new methods of land measurement and allocation, etc. Prithvi Narayan Shah (c. 1779–1875) was the ninth generation descendant of Dravya Shah (1559–1570), the founder of the ruling house of Gorkha. The most spoken language is Nepali followed by several other ethnic languages. • After lost political fortune in India the come in the Nepal. King Gyanendra reappoints Sher Bahadur Deuba as prime minister with the task of holding elections. Nepal 2072 Major incidents Nepal 2072 King Gyanendra orders army to crush the Maoist rebels. Anglo-Nepalese War(1814 to 1816); results to Sugauli treaty which establishes Nepal's current boundaries and sows the seeds for political instability. Subsequently, the elected prime minister, members of parliament and hundreds of democratic activists were arrested. The 2008 election of a Constituent Assembly with the mandate to draft the country’s new constitution is a case in point. But Nepal is on the way to the federal government system. Wap Nepal is a leading website of Nepal providing latest updates, information and results since 2008. Established the PSC. Koirala as prime minister. Nepal is about to adopt a new constitution, after nearly a decade of delay. Write the reasons stated by the King Mahendra while banning the political parties. [41] The blockade choked imports of not only petroleum, but also medicines and earthquake relief material. Prithvi Narayan Shah sat on a throne put on the palace courtyard for the king of Kathmandu, proclaiming himself the king. By: King Mahendra. King Mahendra seizes control and suspends parliament, constitution and party politics after Nepali Congress Party (NCP) wins elections with B. P. Koirala as premier. Groups there have been demanding regional autonomy. 1. "Nepalese History in a European Experience: A Case Study in Transcultural Historiography. Delineating the area between the Sun Koshi and Tama Koshi rivers as their native land, the list of Kirati kings is also given in the Gopal genealogy. Gunakama Deva founded the town Kantipur (modern-day Kathmandu). From the 7th or 8th Century B.C. Kathmandu: Mandala Book Point, 1999. p. 189, Learn how and when to remove this template message, first parliamentary elections in nearly 50 years, President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), India suspended vital supplies to landlocked Nepal, "Genetic studies on the Tharu population of Nepal: restriction endonuclease polymorphisms of mitochondrial DNA", "History and Culture of the Himalaya: Historical Propectives Vol. Finally, Prithvi Narayan Shah entered the valley. In 2004 Bikram Sambat, the Government of Nepal Act was enacted. In Nepal, the “upper” castes refer to the Brahmans and Chhetris and the “lower” castes refer to the Dalits who suffer from caste- and untouchability-based practice and religious, social, economic, political, and cultural discrimination. History of Nepal; Kirata Kingdom 800 B.S. They were Bala Deva, Padma Deva, Nagarjuna Deva and Shankara Deva. He was known in his lifetime as "Siddhartha Gautama" and "Shakyamuni" (Sage of the Shakyas). The monuments in Kathmandu valley which are listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites were built during Malla rule. An interim government was formed with Krishna Pd. [32] In April 2006 strikes and street protests in Kathmandu forced the king to reinstate the parliament. The Tripartite Delhi agreement ended the autocratic Rana rule in Nepal and a joint government was formed under the prime ministership of mohan shumsher. Alarmed, the Qianlong Emperor of the Chinese Qing Dynasty appointed Fuk'anggan commander-in-chief of the Tibetan campaign; Fuk'anggan signed a treaty to protect his troops thus attaining a draw.[25]. Parts of Nepal and Licchavi was later under the direct influences of the Tibetan empire. The Vamshavalis or chronicles, the oldest of which was written during the 14th century, are the only fairly reliable basis for Nepal's ancient history. 4. Minority ethnic groups like Madhesi and Tharu protested vigorously against the constitution which came into effect on 20 September 2015. This defeat of the British completely shattered the hopes of King Jaya Prakash Malla. Trade and transit dispute with India leads to border blockade by Delhi resulting in worsening economic situation. The Kingdom of Nepal was established in 1768 and started a campaign of unifying all of Nepal that would form modern territories of Nepal. Meanwhile, the rebellion escalated, and in October 2002 the king temporarily deposed the government and took complete control of it. After Nuwakot, he occupied strategic points in the hills surrounding the Kathmandu valley. This division led the Malla rulers into internecine clashes and wars for territorial and commercial gains. NCP begins civil disobedience campaign for restoration of multi-party system. It is possible that the Dravidian people whose history predates the onset of the bronze age in the Indian subcontinent (around 3300 BC) inhabited the area before the arrival of other ethnic groups like the Tibeto-Burmans and Indo-Aryans from across the border. Rana rulers were titled "Shree Teen" and "Maharaja", whereas Shah kings were "Shree Panch" and "Maharajadhiraja". He introduced twenty-five paisa coins. I t is a good news for us all Nepalese that after a long waiting period of time, finally the draft of the constitution has been released by the CA i.e Constitution Assembly. Malla 1750B.S. A series of bomb blasts kill and injure dozens in the southern Terai plains. He suppressed the Nuwakot-Thankuris with the help of nobles and restored the old Solar Dynasty rule in Nepal for the second time. Why is the 1st Poush, 2017 BS considered as the "Black Day" in the history of Nepal? [26] From beginning to the mid of 18th century, the Thapas and Pandes had extreme dominance over Nepalese Darbar politics alternatively contesting for central power amongst each other.[27]. The Constituent Assembly elects the Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal 'Prachanda' as the first Prime Minister of Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. After Amshuvarma, who ruled from 605 CE onward; the Thakuris had lost power and they could regain it only in 869 CE. As a result, riots broke out and the Nepal Telecommunications building was set on fire; police opened fire at the crowd, killing several persons. [ 33 ] a general strike was called for April 6 after more than 40 and! 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