Arugula (a.k.a. Look for pale green and red-tinged varieties. There are four main types of lettuce: Loose-leaf lettuce; Romaine/cos lettuce 2). Home Food and Drink Cooking Types of Lettuce – Different Varieties of Lettuce. Loose Leaf Lettuce. The results showed that: (1)the WG 50 treatment significantly increased the chlorophyll content in lettuce shoot and also enhanced the dry weight of lettuce shoot by 3.69% compared with the control. Gardeners around the world love growing the almost countless varieties and types of lettuce. These mixes provide a range of leafy vegetables for salads and different varieties can be grown throughout the whole year. While lettuce, as a whole, is low on nutrients, calories, and vitamins, it’s a traditional ingredient in salads. Far from the shrink-wrapped iceberg lettuce we all know so wellperfectly round and crunchy, almost all water, and able to last a long time after harvestthe multitude of lettuce varieties available at the grocery store and farmers markets offer a wide range of textures, colors, and flavors. Don't look for a \"head\" on them because the leaves branch from a single stalk. Stem lettuce is popular in Chinese cuisine and is commonly called Chinese lettuce, stalk lettuce, or celtuce (2). Try it drizzled with a light vinaigrette or a sesame seed dressing. It’s said to be crunchy with a slightly nutty taste. Several types of lettuce are grown but the three most common types are romaine, leaf, and head lettuce. Evans said there is also a need for evaluating lettuce varieties for fall, winter and spring greenhouse production. Mesclun refers to a mixture of different types of leaf lettuce. You might be amazed at how many different lettuces there are! Different types of lettuce are used most often for salads but they show up in recipes for everything from soups and sandwiches and wraps. It’s also known as cabbage lettuce due to its round shape. ??? The base of most green salads is lettuce. It’s full of important nutrients, such as fiber, potassium, manganese, and vitamins A and C. While widely used in salads, sandwiches, and wraps, certain kinds can also be cooked. Tradition says that a shallot vinaigrette brings out the best in mâche. Boston bibb; Red leaf; Radicchio; Cabbage; Iceberg; Treviso; Nappa cabbage; Frisee; Butter; Little gem; Romaine Lettuce varieties fall into two main categories, says Susannah Ball, Product Development Manager at PanAmerican Seed. Mix leaf lettuce (Black-seed Simpson or Oak Leaf) with crisp lettuce (romaine or other crisphead) and accent with fresh herb leaves. Lettuce is a type of vegetable, which is most often used for salads, although it is also seen in other kinds of food, such as soups, sandwiches and wraps; it can also be grilled.. Avondefiance Good disease … While cabbage and lettuce may look alike, they have distinct nutritional profiles, flavors, textures, and culinary uses. Of course, you can chop up brilliant magenta radicchio or its longer, leaner cousin, Treviso, to put in salads, but speckled radicchio is a real beauty. Mesclun Lettuce. Lactuca, commonly known as lettuce, is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, Asteraceae.The genus includes at least 50 species, distributed worldwide, but mainly in temperate Eurasia.. Its best-known representative is the garden lettuce (Lactuca sativa), with its many varieties. Little Gem lettuce is soft with just a hint of crunch. They need to be young for the best flavor raw; larger, older greens will take on a bitter edge that gets tamed by cooking. Butterhead lettuce Celtuce Leaf lettuce Lactuca sativa var longifolia ‘You Mai Cai ’ What is lettuce called in India?? Leaf lettuce’s crisp, mild flavor lends itself to salads and sandwiches. Loose Leaf Lettuce. They are most often served raw along with other vegetables in a salad or in sandwiches or burgers. Butterhead lettuce is usually deep green, although red varieties exist. Since only its stalk is eaten, it’s used differently than most lettuces. I can’t imagine Korean BBQ without lettuce. Mix leaf lettuce (Black-seed Simpson or Oak Leaf) with crisp lettuce (romaine or other crisphead) and accent with fresh herb leaves. Although romaine and iceberg are the most common types, many varieties exist — each with their own unique flavors and nutritional properties. It pairs well with other vegetables and most salad dressings. "Romaines, icebergs, butterheads, and oakleafs are all the same plant—lettuce," Susannah says. There isn't a taste difference between the two, so choose whichever will look best on your table. Sturdy, crunchy, and packed with nutrition, romaine lettuce makes a hearty salad green. Mesclun means "mixed" in Provencal and is traditionally composed of several varieties of wild-harvested, young greens. Three types – leaf, head and cos or romaine – are the most common. Two of the most common varieties … Unlike virtually all other lettuce varieties, its seeds can grow in temperatures as high 27 degrees Celsius. Iceberg lettuce is one of the most popular varieties of lettuce and is the one that most people think of first. Contrary to popular belief, crisphead lettuce is quite nutritious. The mild flavor of fresh lettuce leaves are well complimented by fresh or dry herbs. Red Leaf Lettuce. Types of Lettuce. RESUMO Although romaine works well for soups and stir-fries, you should add it near the end of cooking to prevent it from getting too soggy. Image of food, delicious, fresh - 11590117 Keep in mind that plants provide only non-heme iron, which is poorly absorbed. Plant seeds to a depth of 1⁄4 to 3⁄8 in; different lettuce types need different spacing, head lettuce generally needing 10 in in-between plants and leaf lettuce 4-6 in. Keywords: Lactuca sativa L; Soil water moisture; Water balance. Larger leaves can be torn into bite-sized pieces when cleaning. Keep it simple. There are four main types of lettuce: crisphead (commonly known as iceberg), romaine, loose-leaf and butterhead. Every variety of cabbage and lettuce has a distinct nutritional profile. Some varieties develop a closed head, others are more open. As the name suggested, butter lettuce has a soft, buttery texture. 5. Furthermore, it works well in egg-salad or tuna sandwiches and serves as a great tortilla replacement for wraps. Your Three Different Lettuce Varieties stock images are ready. 37 Related Question Answers Found How do you keep lettuce crispy? There are several types or cultivars of lettuce. Food poisoning can cause unpleasant symptoms ranging from nausea to vomiting. Mesclun Lettuce. Here are the top 20…. ????? Even though it’s a slow grower, the leaves never turn bitter after maturity. Loose-Leaf Lettuce Varieties. Some farms and markets sell special "spicy" mixtures that have more arugula, watercress, mizuna, and mustard leaves. We broke our list of the best lettuce varieties down in subsections. It has spiky dark green leaves that have a surprisingly delicate texture and delightfully peppery, even spicy kick. A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving provides (10): It’s not only an excellent source of folate and vitamin K but also vitamin A. Romaine is higher in nutrients than crisphead. It can usually last 7–8 days in the fridge. In particular, its anthocyanins and quercetin act as potent antioxidants that protect your body from free radical damage (9, 22, 23). UH–CTAHR Romaine ettuce arieties for Commercial Production in H 2011 – 2014 VC-3 July 2014 4 Twenty-nine varieties of Romaine lettuce were selected for field evaluation in November 2013 (Fig. There are also a plethora of different lettuce varieties – you can find one for every season and climate zone. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Growing lettuce in containers makes it easy to bring them inside to grow year round. Most people eat the stem and discard its bitter leaves. Green leaf lettuce in hindi is. There are also several cultivars of lettuce produced by mixing these popular lettuce types, … This twisted, curly, frizzled green is endive, and has all the bright bitterness and delicious crunch that goes along with that family of greens. The outer leaves are thick and crisp with inner shell sweet and juicy with a nutty flavor — most of the varieties falling under this category mature in 55-60 days. Butter lettuce is commonly available. What’s more, red romaine boasts high levels of anthocyanins, which give certain vegetables and fruits a reddish-purple color. Here are 5 interesting types of lettuce. Stem lettuce isn’t widespread, but you might be able to find it at international grocery stores. Crisphead lettuce is also a moderate source of phenolic compounds, which are antioxidants that help fight oxidative stress and inflammation in your body (9). The base of most green salads is lettuce. Butterhead lettuce has soft leaves and looks similar to cabbage. Romaine lettuce, also known as Cos lettuce, has long, broad, upright leaves that hold themselves bunched together as they mature. Available from Suttons in 2006 at 1.09 for 1100 seeds! It’s particularly high in iron and vitamins A and K. Leaf lettuce, also known as loose-leaf lettuce, varies in shape, color, and texture — though it’s usually crisp, ruffled, and dark green or red, with a flavor ranging from mild to sweet. Store butterhead lettuce in a sealable bag in the fridge for 2–3 days, keeping the leaves dry to prevent wilting. Download Lettuce varieties stock photos. If you're interested in exploring lettuce beyond "cardboard" iceberg, then we've got the guide for you. Furthermore, it can be used in wraps and tacos. Molly Watson. Loose-Leaf Lettuce Varieties. Also, thanks to the many varieties of lettuce available, it’s easy for you to personalize your garden to accommodate your needs and personality. Watercress has a bright, peppery flavor prized for salads and gently "wilted" preparations. different. The four common types of lettuce based on the shape, texture, and uses include Crisphead, Butterhead, Romaine, and Loose-Leaf Lettuce. An award-winning food writer and cookbook author, Molly Watson has created more than 1,000 recipes focused on local, seasonal ingredients. Some might say it's stretching things to include dandelion greens here, but there are people who relish the sharp, bitter hit of raw dandelion. Mesclun is often dressed with a classic French vinaigrette, but it's a forgiving mix that works well with a wide range of dressings. Does Romaine Lettuce Have Any Nutritional Benefits? Varieties of crisphead include: ‘Great Lakes’, the classic iceberg-type lettuce, ‘Ithaca’, which is glossy-green, frilled-leaf improved iceberg, and ‘Imperial’ with dark green heads. Try tossing with a feta vinaigrette or yogurt buttermilk dressing. Different types of lettuce and cabbage contain varying amounts of nutrients. Top with a bit of honey mustard vinaigrette or a simple balsamic dressing. Mizuna is an Asian variety of mustard greens. Two or three lettuce varieties are good for both taste and texture. Romaine lettuce is hale and hearty and is the ubiquitous lettuce in a Caesar salad. Our mix contains different varieties of butterhead, green and red leaf, romaine, and other unique lettuce types. These tight, compact heads are packed with flavor and crunch. That’s because the leaves are very bitter due to their high latex content. 9 Health and Nutrition Benefits of Red Leaf Lettuce. Cultivated arugula is widely available and varies greatly in strength of flavor. It stays crisp and doesn't bolt (flower) and turn bitter as easily as other lettuces, so is a favorite with summer gardeners who want to keep themselves in lettuce all season long. Here, we break down 13 common varieties and cultivars of lettuce and explore the best ways to use them. Both green and red types are high in folate, manganese, and vitamins A and K. Yet, red leaf lettuce is higher in antioxidants. Some other vegetables are often colloquially referred to as lettuce, but they are actually a different species of vegetables. To keep crisphead lettuce fresh, refrigerate it in a sealable bag with a damp paper towel. It is also a tasty add-on in the Japanese mochi soup often eaten at New Year's. Keeping this in view, what are different types of lettuce? There are several types of lettuce, but three (leaf, head and cos or romaine) are the most common. Tender stalks and roots are perfectly edible along with the dark green leaves. While people are mainly familiar with Iceberg lettuce, keep in mind that this is only one variety out of many. This list of 18 Types of Lettuce will help you in selecting the best lettuce varieties you should grow in your garden or containers.. These antioxidants are associated with a lower risk of heart disease, inflammation, and certain cancers (9, 14). Moreover, romaine is a good source of phenolic compounds, particularly caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid. To review the different types, click here and then come back here to see the recommended varieties. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Moreover, it’s a part of an enzyme called superoxide dismutase, which helps decrease oxidative stress in your body (25, 26). Furthermore, it’s high in vitamin C, which is important for collagen synthesis and immune health (12, 27, 28). Use cress as soon as possible, removing any yellowed or wilted leaves. Due to its sturdy texture, it can even be grilled. Lettuce is a nutritious vegetable that comes in many varieties. "Romaines, icebergs, butterheads, and oakleafs are all the same plant—lettuce," Susannah says. 4. Store stem lettuce in the refrigerator in an airtight bag or container for 2–3 days. Although romaine varieties are well known for the hearts at the center of the heads, the outer leaves can also be used in salads, as a … It is a crisp-head lettuce, meaning its leaves form a compact head as it grows—although its head is much less compact than iceberg lettuce. But there are many types of lettuces to know -- all with different shapes, sizes and flavors. It requires extra care when cleaning since sand and grit tend to gather in the nub of roots holding each rosette together. They make excellent salads and work with a wide range of dressings. It pairs well with most dressings and can enhance the flavor and texture of your salad. While it’s grown worldwide, China produces the greatest volume — upwards of 66% of the global supply (1, 2). Although crisphead is the least nutritious, all lettuces provide dietary fiber and vitamins A, C and K. The average lettuce has less than 10 calories per shredded cup! This is great for low-carb and gluten-free diets, and just for better dietary health overall. See Growing Lettuce for information on how to grow lettuce. A superb lettuce. The lettuce spectrum, ranging from cool and crisp iceberg lettuce to bitter radicchio and peppery arugula, covers many tastes, shades of green (or red! One of lettuce’s greatest attributes, however, is how easy they are to grow. Does Iceberg Lettuce Have Any Nutritional Benefits? A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of either green or red leaf lettuce gives the following nutrients (20, 21): Green leaf lettuce tends to have more vitamin C, while the red variety offers more vitamin K. Both types are high in vitamin A, beta carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin, all of which support eye and skin health (9, 11, 12, 18). Alternatively, leaf lettuce seeds can be sprinkled on top of the soil or mixed into the top 1 in layer. Butterhead lettuce adds a mild, sweet flavor to dishes. Iceberg lettuce is the crunchy, pale vegetable you'll often find added to your fast-food burger or salad when you eat out. Arugula is also a great way to add a kick to hearty dishes like chicken with bread salad and arugula. Use arugula alone to stand up to tangy dressings such as lemon garlic vinaigrette and bold flavors such as blue cheese, or mix it with other lettuces as an accent note. Instead of a generic looking and tasting salad, you can make something interesting to eat and look at. Crisphead lettuce has a crunchy texture and mild flavor that lends itself to salads and sandwiches. It looks and acts a bit more like "regular" lettuce with its leafier leaves and primarily green color. Commercially purchased seeds are a blend of leaf lettuce varieties of different colors, textures and flavors. Examples include arugula, watercress and mizuna. Leaf Lettuce. Gardeners around the world love growing the almost countless varieties and types of lettuce. Give it a few extra swishes in the water to get them clean. Depending on the variety, lettuce is an excellent source (20% of the Daily Value, DV, or higher) of vitamin K (97% DV) and vitamin A (21% DV), with higher concentrations of the provitamin A compound, beta-carotene, found in darker green lettuces, such as Romaine. Red leaf has a burgundy tint and mild flavor, similar to that of green leaf, while oak leaf is spicier and nuttier. If you love eating salads, then you need to grow different lettuce varieties. Lettuce can also be grown in containers at a minimum of 2 quarts in size and 6-8 in deep. Look for lettuce year-round in ultra-temperate climates, fall and spring in mainly temperate areas, and in the late spring through the summer months in cooler climates. There are literally hundreds of varieties to choose from, so you can always get the best for your garden. Lettuce comes in many different varieties and colors. Recently, due to its low calorie count and multiple varieties, lettuce has made a huge revolution in dieting trends. There are 7 main Types of lettuce, and dozens of varieties within each type, so I’ll just describe each type, and mention a few favorite varieties. There are so many varieties of lettuce and greens popping up at the markets and … You can add it raw to salads, cook it in stir-fries and soups, or spiralize it into crunchy veggie noodles. There are seven main cultivar groups of lettuce, each including many varieties: Leaf – Also known as looseleaf, cutting or bunching lettuce, this type has loosely bunched leaves and is the most widely planted. This article explains the…. A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving provides (3): The folate and vitamin K contents of crisphead lettuce are particularly noteworthy. It tends to have a bit of a bitter edge, so know your audience or use them sparingly with other salad greens. Good tight heart. crispa) “frissé” were studied. What they all share is loose leaves that are attached together at the base. Most mesclun sold today is cultivated, meaning planted as beds of mixed lettuce seeds and harvested when the leaves reach the desired size of 3 to 6 inches. Romaine comes from the word Roman while Cos is derived from the Greek island of Kos. Cultivated for more than 2,000 years, lettuce (Lactuca sativa) has long been a dietary staple in cuisines across the globe. ), and strengths. Lettuce should be included in everyone’s list of must-grow vegetables. In general, salad greens are cool weather crops, at their best in spring and early summer before high heats and long days make them bolt and turn bitter. However, it does need a certain temperature range to grow. It’s easy to grow, dependable, and can be used in so many different ways. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. The lettuce coming under this variety lies between Crisphead and looseleaf. 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