Differentiating the High School Classroom: Solution Strategies for 18 Common Obstacles. 0000001427 00000 n Use assessment data and student profiles to determine student readiness, learning styles, or interests. �,��kD����������I@{���|� .�@E{�w0�?��r�G�T�&V �/ϰ>�^!�t�g������ZT9��J$9�&erz �,��r Y�dP�2''f���[�����V��. There is a close friend of yours who does not understand how one state of matter changes into another. Adaptations can include: Tic-Tac-Toe choice boards give students the opportunity to participate in multiple tasks that allow them to practice skills they’ve learned in class or to demonstrate and extend their understanding of concepts. Promoting Student Independence and Responsibility in Academically Diverse Classrooms. A “broad differentiation strategy” is adopted by a company to be ‘unique to a wide range of customers. The task should make adjustments based on student readiness (tier two). strategy: Cost leadership, differentiation, focus on cost leadership, focus on differentiation, and integration cost leadership/ differentiation strategy. Focus Strategies: A focus strategy is an integrated set of actions that is designed to produce or deliver products or services that serve the need of a particular competitive segment. Although you can create multiple levels of tiers (2-6), keep the number of levels consistent with your group of students. From the board students either choose or are assigned 3 adjacent or diagonal tasks to complete. The tiers need to challenge students appropriately at their ability levels. Create an imperative or required assignment or project that reflects the minimum understanding you expect all students to achieve. Differentiation strategy is a way for a business to distinguish itself from the competition. Informal cubing activities can easily be accomplished within a class period. These students are excused from completing the identifying activities and are taught to add and subtract fractions. 0000001723 00000 n A teacher who cannot learn to trust and share responsibility with his/her students, would, at best have students seated in rows and completing varied worksheets silently and alone. Select a topic, for example, World War 1 (WW1). With focus strategy, a company chooses a small segment of the industry to focus its marketing efforts on. Nunley, K. E. (2006). The principle focus of strategy regarding the creation of wealth will continue to dominate and will remain critical to the competitive survival of firms. Students who choose the first question fall into the analytic intelligence, the second correspond to the practical and those who choose the final question are the creative learners. xref ', Know: there are 3 states of matter - solid, liquid, and gas, Understand: all matter has both mass and volume. 0000001561 00000 n Focused differentiation e. Integrated cost leadership/differentiation 5–2 Chapter 5—Business-Level Strategy See slide 5. 2. Step 2. They represent two distinct types of competitive advantage: i. tier by product - group by multiple intelligences or learning styles followed by assignments that fit those preference. Identify the outcomes and instructional focus of a unit of study. Select elements to tier (see ‘Six ways to tier a lesson’ above). For example, a cement company is offering its product to a broad market with the brand name. corpus id: 32483087. differentiation in outcomes focused physical education: pedagogical rhetoric and reality @inproceedings{whipp2013differentiationio, title={differentiation in outcomes focused physical education: pedagogical rhetoric and reality}, author={p. whipp}, year={2013} } an approach to competitive advantage in which a company attempts to outperform its rivals by offering a product that is perceived by consumers to be superior to that of competitors even though its price is higher; in adopting a differentiation focus strategy, the company focuses on narrow market coverage, seeking only to attract a small, specialised segment. The premise is that the needs of the group can be better serviced by focusing entirely on it. Students work in assigned pairs or groups. Create choice board options based on learning styles or learning preferences. differentiation strategies which are; product-, channel-, image-, service- and personnel differentiation. Creative: develop a map of a new world that has at least 8 different types of landforms and/or bodies of water. Porter‟s generic model, which highlights cost leadership, differentiation and focus as the three basic choices for firms, has dominated corporate and business competitive strategy for the last 30 years (Pretorius, 2008). Cubing requires students to look at a topic from 6 different angles. Create different choice boards based on readiness (struggling students work with the options on one choice board while more advanced students have different options). 0000002195 00000 n Following interrogation of student responses to the differentiated, focused and intensive teaching that has been provided, a small percentage of students may be identified as requiring a different year or band of years curriculum in some or all learning areas and/or subjects. For example: For a unit on the solar system - the study of rotation and revolution of the earth. When a firm pursues differentiation strategy, it attempts to become unique in the industry, by offering those products and services, which have value to the customers. 3.1.3 Threat of substitutes It is the differentiation and differentiation-focused strategies that effectively reduce the threat of substitutes. NSW Department of Education's information on curriculum taught in NSW schools, Aboriginal education and communities & personalised support. Leadership for Differentiating Schools and Classrooms. For example, a year 3 class is learning to identify the parts of fractions, and diagnostics indicate that 2 students already know the parts of fractions. If desired, the groups can be created by readiness levels since the cubing perspectives below begin at the least complex level and become increasingly complex. for example, a choice board could include 3 kinaesthetic tasks, 3 auditory tasks and 3 visual tasks. The middle level of competency, layer B, is application. 0000000016 00000 n Tomlinson, C. A., & Allan, S. D. (2000). There are critical considerations to reflect on before implementing differentiation strategies - to aspects of content, process and product - in direct response to a student’s readiness, interests and learning profile. Identify the most important elements of a lesson or unit. Students all use the same materials but what they do with the materials is different. Then, students are given a choice of 3 assignments to be done individually or in groups of 2 or 3. Rick Wormeli (2006) suggests incorporating Bloom’s Taxonomy: Knowledge - students recall and cite content, Comprehension - students demonstrate their understanding of the content, Application - students use their knowledge and skills in a different way or situation, Analysis - students break down topics into pieces and analyse them, Synthesis - students consider aspects that seem to contradict each other and form something new. Students complete three tasks, one of which must be the task in the middle square. This has helped the company to focus on few highly differentiated innovations that result in brilliant marketing wonders while controlling the resources, costs and maintaining stability. a. Tier three: List personal characteristics exhibited by heroes and rank them from most to least important. Use the terms mass and volume in your exhibit signs. Heacox D. (2002) Differentiation Instruction in the Regular Classroom: How to Reach and Teach All Learners, Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit. A firm using a focus strategy often enjoys a high degree of customer loyalty, and this entrenched loyalty discourages other firms from competing directly. Practical: using these 8 given cities (or you may choose other cities after approval by teacher) demonstrate how landforms and bodies of water contributed to the development and movement of people to this site over a period of time. Show how each item is in a different state of matter in comparison to the other two items. Groups are formed based on learning preference using Gardner’s multiple intelligences. 0000003619 00000 n Use the cubes for independent work. Portland, ME: Stenhouse. keeping accurate records of students’ compacting activities. Layer C reflects what all students must do and the activities ask students to collect factual information. Approaches to differentiation include developing unique brand images, unique technology, unique features, unique channels, unique customer service or the like. Teachers often create a visual cube that serves as a starting point when they want students to analyse or consider various aspects of a topic. Teachers may also modify the learning environment in direct response to a student’s learning profile. b. Tier three: Students debate the issue about the seriousness of global warming with each side expressing a different viewpoint. Activities and assignments can be adjusted by: Use Bloom’s taxonomy as a useful guide to develop tasks at various challenge levels. Tier two: Choose two or three heroes and compare them in a Venn diagram. The Wellbeing Framework supports schools to create learning environments that enable students to be healthy, happy, engaged and successful. Information for parents and carers including learning and wellbeing resources, advice, study skills, a quick guide glossary, homework help, learning from home tools, support for additional needs and more. An example is after whole group class reading of a current events issue in a magazine such as global warming, students complete a related activity differentiated by complexity. 0000001800 00000 n They must provide credible evidence to support their opinions and arguments. Using the object as the topic, ask students to: Give students about 10 minutes to build a mini-presentation, then one student in each group presents to the class. Tier three: Create a bar graph to show all the different kinds of pattern blocks in your bag. She suggests a menu-like approach to the tasks in each layer. Developed by educator and author Kathie Nunley (2006) the approach came as a response to her classroom experiences with high school students. One problem is printed on each side of the cube. They are generic and can be used in any business, in any industry. For example, don’t make 3 tiers if there are only 2 groups of students exist in your classroom (those working at the appropriate level and those students who require extra support). The top level of competency, layer A is critical thinking. These strategies are known as focus strategies and they are applicable to both cost leadership and differentiation. Differentiation focus strategy is a hybrid of focus strategy and differentiation strategy. This can implemented in various ways and has been shown to be effective (Rock, Gregg, Ellis, & Gable, 2008). Be careful to provide advanced work to the higher level student, rather than just more work. The layered curriculum approach features a 3 layer model (like a pyramid) where students start with basic learning and skills (layer C) and move to using higher level thinking skills (layer B and then layer A) as they work through the layers. Remember that Cost Focus means emphasizing cost-minimization within a focused market, and Differentiation Focus means pursuing strategic differentiation within a focused market. In maths, create problems for students to solve. The company limits the innovation of new product generations and focus on few sparkling innovations while re-using the already existing product design. • Some firms using a focused differentiation strategy concentrate their efforts on a particular sales channel, such as selling over the Internet only. Tier one: Students are asked to write a public service announcement using jingles, slogans or art to convey why global warming is a problem and what people can do to prevent it. As discussed in Part 1 of this series, a cost leadership strategy is one that serves a br… Should the war ever have been fought? ‘Focused Differentiation Strategy’ is the strategy of operating a business with a differentiated product in a chosen niche market. DIFFERENTIATION IN PRACTICE SecEd April 2019 www.sec-ed.co.uk L ast year in SecEd, I wrote a series of articles focused on effective curriculum design. Design a similar task for learners who require extra support. A differentiation strategy is focused on elevating the presence of a business within a marketplace and highlighting the things that make it different from similar competitors. Assign each group a perspective from which to explore the topic: Step 4. 0000002933 00000 n An example is pattern block maths: Students work on the same outcomes but use a different process to get there. If needed, develop a third, more advanced activity for learners who have already mastered the basic standard or competency being addressed. Nunley emphasizes that all layers should provide students with some control over their learning. Be sure the way you teach is original. Tier one: Make a chart of specific heroes and what they did to make them become a hero. Their states of matter are not yet identified. At this level students gather information and add to their bank of knowledge. From working in or operating an early childhood education centre, complaints and feedback, information for parents & carers to news. Learning some new ‘tricks’ with little sense of why they matter is less helpful. They design a limited number of questions and decide how to report their results such as with charts or in a newscast. analyse it – describe the object’s parts/ how is it made? %%EOF Use mass and volume in your explanation. 0000001343 00000 n Translate the strategy into operational terms.Use the Balanced Scorecard to describe and communicate strategy in consistent, insightful, operational terms. Make a visually appealing poster to teach primary students how each state changes into the other states. Include condensation, evaporation, melting point, freezing point, expanding and contracting in your chart. When a company pursues a focused strategy based on differentiation, it concentrates on a harrow buyer-segment and offers customized attributes in products better than competitors’ products. The focus of differentiation in this paper is on appropriate teaching for gifted students in regular, heterogeneous, mixed ability classrooms. Cubes can be used as an after-reading strategy that requires students to think critically about a topic. These elements become the basis for your ‘on-level’ tasks. Make your explanation as clear as you can. ‘What’ and ‘how’ teachers differentiate depends on the needs of the students in the class at any one time. Step 1. …..teacher growth in differentiation is not so much about introducing tiered lessons, independent study alternative forms of assessment – or even moving to multi-text adoption. Adaptations include: You can assess students according to Sternberg's intelligences: An idea to assess students in this way is possible through the following scenario: 'Imagine you are driving with your parents and they are listening to the radio. Varied versions of an ill-focussed product are no more helpful. Information about NSW public education, including the school finder, high school enrolment, school safety, selective schools and opportunity classes. Still other firms strategically focus on a narrow market in order to reach profitability goals. 0000003391 00000 n When students work with cubes they apply information in new ways. Differentiation and Focus Strategy. Your task is to figure out the state of matter for each one. Distinguishing features a. Know: geographical terms such as isthmus, delta, peninsula, river and island, Understand: landforms and bodies of water effect human movement and influence the development of cities. A menu could be for a single lesson, a week-long lesson or even a month-long period of study. This is where students apply and manipulate the information. Trivial and fluffy curriculum remains trivial and fluffy, even after differentiation. The base level of competency, layer C, is basic learning and skills. apply it – what can you do with the object/ how can you use the object? An interesting discussion starts about something you do not know. It shows that teachers can adjust classroom elements - content, process and product - in direct response to a student’s readiness, interests and learning profile. Tier two: Students conduct a survey of peer awareness and understanding of global warming. 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