‘The country's forests are among the richest and most biodiverse in the world, but they are rapidly disappearing.’ ‘In Colombia, one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, there are over 500 species of frogs living in the northern Andes.’ ‘Coral reef systems are one of the most fragile and biodiverse ecosystems on Earth.’ China joined IUCN as a State Member in 1996 and the IUCN China country office was established in 2003. One of the most … This article highlights the unique characteristics of Australia’s biodiversity and explains the importance of Australia’s biodiverse environment to individuals, society and the economy. In celebration of World Biodiversity Day, below is a look at the world’s ten most biodiverse countries as measured by species richness. Relevance. Findlay +1. This data is based on several sources, which are listed below. The country signed the Rio Convention on 11 July 1992 and became a party to the convention the following year. Biodiversity, ecological infrastructure, and associated ecosystem services act as an invaluable foundation for South Africa’s economy. Megadiverse countries are those that exhibit a great deal of biodiversity and are home to great numbers of endemic species. Nearly 80 percent of the forested land is owned by Indigenous groups and ejidos—communities that share land granted by the state. English. It is recognised for high levels of endemism and is home to over 95,000 known species. The most biodiverse countries in the world are home to more than 70 % of the Earth’s biodiversity. Favorite Answer. Rated from most to least, you'll be surprised to see which countries are actually the most biodiverse places on the planet. Colombia’s tumultuous history has ensured that its incredibly diverse forests have remained pristine through the years. On May 2018, Colombia’s former president Santos … The large South American country has several different ecosystems, from grasslands to swamps, to forests and rainforests. As one of 17 mega diverse countries, China has over 34,687 known species of animals and plants, making it the third-most biodiverse country in the world. To put this into perspective, this area is about the same size as our home state, Arizona. According to the 2019 Biodiversity Information System in Colombia, there are 51,330 species registered in the country, with more than 1,920 bird species, 528 types of mammals, and 1,521 species of fish. Country. CONFIRM. Lv 5. This approach has the advantage of being closer to what the theory would want and the disadvantage of having to make judgement calls (or adopt others' judgement calls) about what is the 'right list'." For consistency, we could only use sources that included data for a full set of countries. South Africa ranks as the third most biodiverse country in the world. Katie Scott Aiton. We have created a series of country profile pages bringing together data on protected areas, protected species and habitats, ecosystems and policies. applescrumper +1. MALAYSIA. Jun 26, 2018. Vietnam is one of the most biodiverse countries on earth, with a huge variety of distinctive and fascinating wildlife. Famously known as the place where ‘the rainforest meets the Reef’, the Daintree, in North Queensland is home to one of the largest ranges of animals and plants on earth. While Brazil has the honour of being the world’s most biodiverse country, it is the much smaller nation of Colombia that is the most biodiverse country on earth for its size. Level 73. 195. Protected areas. 3 Answers . The Panama Slender opossum, Rothschild’s porcupine, Glow-throated hummingbird, Panamanian Coral snake, and Yellow Dyer Rainfrog are all endemic to the area. 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